Nursing Care Plan for Sepsis

Nursing Care Plan for Sepsis


Sepsis is a potentially life-threatening condition that occurs in response to an infection, leading to a systemic inflammatory response. As a nurse, your role is critical in the early recognition, prompt intervention, and ongoing management of sepsis. This nursing care plan aims to outline evidence-based interventions to assess, manage, and support patients with sepsis.

Patient Information:

  • Name: [Patient’s Name]
  • Age: [Patient’s Age]
  • Gender: [Patient’s Gender]
  • Medical History: [Brief summary of patient’s medical history]
  • Source of Infection: [Identify the suspected or confirmed source of infection]
  • Clinical Indicators: [Note the signs and symptoms of sepsis, such as fever, tachycardia, hypotension, altered mental status, etc.]
  • Medical Diagnosis: Sepsis
  • Date of Admission: [Date of Admission]
  • Date of Care Plan: [Date of Care Plan]

Patient Assessment of Sepsis

Subjective Data:

  • Patients may report symptoms such as fever, chills, and body aches.
  • The patient may express feelings of weakness, fatigue, or confusion.

Objective Data:

  • Elevated body temperature and heart rate.
  • Low blood pressure.
  • Rapid and shallow breathing.
  • Altered mental status.
  • Presence of infection source (e.g., urinary tract infection, pneumonia).

Nursing Diagnosis of Sepsis:

  1. Risk for Impaired Gas Exchange related to altered perfusion and oxygenation.
  2. Risk for Deficient Fluid Volume related to increased capillary permeability and fluid shift.
  3. Risk for Infection related to the presence of pathogens and compromised immune response.
  4. Risk for Altered Mental Status related to septic encephalopathy and hypoperfusion.
  5. Impaired Gas Exchange related to inadequate tissue perfusion as evidenced by tachypnea, low oxygen saturation levels, and altered mental status.
  6. Risk for Fluid Volume Imbalance related to increased capillary permeability, fluid shifts, and decreased cardiac output as evidenced by low blood pressure and elevated heart rate.
  7. Altered Mental Status related to septic encephalopathy as evidenced by confusion, disorientation, and changes in the level of consciousness.

Nursing Interventions and Rationales:

Risk for Impaired Gas Exchange:

  1. Monitor vital signs, oxygen saturation, and respiratory status frequently.
  2. Administer supplemental oxygen as prescribed to maintain adequate oxygenation.
  3. Elevate the head of the bed and encourage deep breathing exercises to improve lung ventilation.
  4. Collaborate with the healthcare team to ensure prompt administration of antibiotics and other appropriate interventions to target the underlying infection.
  5. Monitor vital signs, oxygen saturation levels, and respiratory status frequently.
  6. Administer supplemental oxygen as prescribed to maintain adequate oxygenation.
  7. Encourage deep breathing exercises and coughing to promote lung expansion and secretion clearance.
  8. Elevate the head of the bed to a semi-Fowler’s position to facilitate optimal lung ventilation.
  9. Administer prescribed antibiotics and other antimicrobial agents promptly to treat the underlying infection.

Risk for Deficient Fluid Volume Imbalance:

  1. Monitor intake and output, as well as fluid balance closely.
  2. Administer intravenous fluids as prescribed to restore and maintain adequate hydration.
  3. Assess for signs of fluid overload, such as edema or crackles in the lungs.
  4. Collaborate with the healthcare team to determine the need for vasopressor medications to support blood pressure and perfusion.
  5. Monitor intake and output measurements accurately.
  6. Administer intravenous fluids as ordered to maintain adequate circulating volume and blood pressure.
  7. Monitor daily weights to assess fluid balance.
  8. Assess for signs of fluid overload or dehydration, such as edema or hypotension, and adjust fluid administration accordingly.
  9. Collaborate with the healthcare team to monitor laboratory values, such as electrolyte levels, to guide fluid management.

Risk for Infection:

  1. Practice strict hand hygiene and adhere to infection prevention protocols.
  2. Assess the source of infection and implement appropriate measures for source control, such as wound care or drainage.
  3. Administer antimicrobial therapy as prescribed, ensuring timely administration and appropriate dosage.
  4. Educate the patient and caregivers about infection prevention strategies, including proper wound care, hand hygiene, and recognizing signs of infection.

Risk for Altered Mental Status:

  1. Monitor the patient’s mental status, level of consciousness, and orientation frequently.
  2. Ensure a quiet and calm environment to minimize stimuli and promote rest.
  3. Implement measures to maintain cerebral perfusion, such as elevating the head of the bed and optimizing fluid status.
  4. Collaborate with the healthcare team to assess for and manage any underlying causes of altered mental status, such as hypoglycemia or electrolyte imbalances.
  5. Assess the patient’s level of consciousness, orientation, and cognition frequently.
  6. Maintain a calm and quiet environment to minimize sensory overload and confusion.
  7. Ensure safety measures, such as bed alarms and fall precautions, are in place.
  8. Administer prescribed medications to manage symptoms of septic encephalopathy, such as antipyretics or sedatives.
  9. Provide frequent reassurance and support to the patient and their family to reduce anxiety and promote a sense of security.

Evaluation and Expected Outcomes:

  1. Improved gas exchange with adequate oxygenation and ventilation.
  2. Maintenance of fluid balance with the restoration of adequate hydration.
  3. Prevention and control of infection with the resolution of systemic inflammatory response.
  4. Preservation of cognitive function and improved mental status.
  5. The patient demonstrates improved gas exchange with stable vital signs and oxygen saturation levels.
  6. The patient maintains adequate fluid balance with stable blood pressure and appropriate urine output.
  7. The patient’s mental status improves, with a return to baseline cognition and orientation.
  8. The patient and their family express understanding of the condition, treatment plan, and necessary self-care measures.


Regularly document the patient’s vital signs, assessments, interventions provided, and the patient’s response to treatment. Collaborate with the interdisciplinary healthcare team to review and update the care plan based on the patient’s condition and evolving needs.

Note: This nursing care plan is a general guideline and should be individualized based on the patient’s specific needs, the severity of sepsis, and the healthcare provider’s recommendations.


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