Diarrhea is characterized by abnormal/increased bowel movements, increased amount (above 200g a day) and an increase in the frequency of bowel movements.
Causes of Diarrhea
- Lack of sanitation and hygiene is the basic cause of diarrhea.
- Alcohol consumption can also result in diarrhea.
- In toddlers and infants, idiopathic diarrhea can also result without any obvious cause, this is called “Toddler’s diarrhea”.
Nursing Care Plan
- Get a brief history of the patient to understand the pattern & character of diarrhea. And collect associated signs and symptoms, past medical history, current medical therapy, current nutritional status and calorie intakes, any past medical, surgical or travel history.
- To understand the degree of dehydration and to assess the current dehydration status, assessment of mucosal membranes and the peri-anal area should be done.
- Encourage the patient to increase fluid intake, and to avoid carbonated drinks, caffeine, milk, and other dairy products and carbohydrates for several days.
- Administer antidiarrheal drugs as prescribed by the physician and closely monitor the body’s sodium (Na) and electrolytes balance.
- Encourage patient to maintain hygiene and santizatoin.
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