Nursing Care Plan for Gastroenteritis

Nursing Care Plan for Gastroenteritis


Gastroenteritis is an inflammation of the gastrointestinal tract, usually caused by viral or bacterial infection. It is characterized by symptoms such as diarrhea, vomiting, abdominal pain, and dehydration. As a nurse, your role is crucial in providing supportive care, managing symptoms, and preventing complications for patients with gastroenteritis. This nursing care plan aims to outline evidence-based interventions to assess, manage, and support patients with gastroenteritis.

Patient Assessment:

  • Name: [Patient’s Name]
  • Age: [Patient’s Age]
  • Gender: [Patient’s Gender]
  • Medical History: [Brief summary of patient’s medical history]
  • Type of Gastroenteritis: [Identify the cause and type of gastroenteritis, such as viral or bacterial]
  • Date of Admission: [Date of Admission]
  • Medical Diagnosis: Gastroenteritis

Gastroenteritis Nursing Assessment:

Subjective Data:

  • The patient reports abdominal pain and cramping.
  • The patient complains of nausea and vomiting.
  • The patient describes diarrhea, possibly with mucus or blood.
  • The patient states decreased appetite and thirst.

Objective Data:

  • Elevated body temperature (e.g., 38°C or higher).
  • Abdominal tenderness upon palpation.
  • Frequent episodes of vomiting and/or diarrhea.
  • Signs of dehydration (e.g., dry mucous membranes, decreased urine output).
  • Positive for gastrointestinal infection (confirmed through laboratory tests).

Gastroenteritis Nursing Diagnosis:

  1. Fluid Volume Deficit related to excessive fluid loss through vomiting and diarrhea.
  2. Imbalanced Nutrition: Less than Body Requirements related to decreased appetite and altered digestion.
  3. Risk for Impaired Skin Integrity related to frequent diarrhea and potential skin breakdown.
  4. Risk for Infection related to compromised gastrointestinal mucosa and potential for secondary infection.
  5. Fluid Volume Deficit related to vomiting, diarrhea, and decreased oral intake.
  6. Imbalanced Nutrition: Less Than Body Requirements related to decreased appetite and gastrointestinal symptoms.
  7. Risk for Impaired Skin Integrity related to frequent diarrhea and compromised perineal hygiene.
  8. Acute Pain related to abdominal cramping and inflammation.
  9. Risk for Infection related to compromised gastrointestinal barrier and exposure to infectious agents.

Gastroenteritis Nursing Interventions:

Fluid Volume Deficit:

  1. Monitor vital signs, intake, and output closely to assess fluid balance.
  2. Encourage oral rehydration with clear fluids or oral rehydration solutions (ORS) to replace fluids and electrolytes lost through vomiting and diarrhea.
  3. Administer intravenous fluids as prescribed to correct dehydration and maintain adequate hydration.
  4. Assess for signs of severe dehydration, such as tachycardia, hypotension, or altered mental status, and promptly report to the healthcare team.

Imbalanced Nutrition: Less than Body Requirements:

  1. Assess the patient’s nutritional status, dietary intake, and weight changes.
  2. Offer small, frequent meals of easily digestible foods, such as rice, toast, bananas, and yogurt, to provide nutrients and promote gradual refeeding.
  3. Encourage the patient to consume clear liquids or easily digestible foods, such as broth or gelatin, during the acute phase of gastroenteritis.
  4. Provide education on the gradual reintroduction of regular foods, avoiding spicy or fatty foods that may exacerbate symptoms.

Risk for Impaired Skin Integrity:

  1. Assess the perineal area and skin integrity regularly, especially in patients with frequent diarrhea.
  2. Implement proper hygiene measures, including gentle cleansing and thorough drying of the perineal area after each episode of diarrhea.
  3. Apply a moisture barrier ointment or cream to protect the skin from prolonged exposure to moisture and irritation.
  4. Educate the patient and caregivers about the importance of maintaining good hygiene practices and promptly changing soiled clothing or diapers.

Risk for Infection:

  1. Practice strict hand hygiene and adhere to infection prevention protocols.
  2. Implement isolation precautions as indicated, particularly for patients with highly contagious or infectious gastroenteritis.
  3. Monitor for signs of secondary infection, such as persistent fever, worsening abdominal pain, or increased frequency of diarrhea, and promptly report to the healthcare team.
  4. Educate the patient and caregivers about proper hand hygiene, including thorough handwashing with soap and water, to prevent the spread of infection.

Gastroenteritis Nursing Evaluation:

  1. Restoration of fluid balance with adequate hydration and prevention of dehydration.
  2. Achievement of balanced nutrition and prevention of malnutrition-related complications.
  3. Maintenance of skin integrity with the prevention of skin breakdown.
  4. Prevention of secondary infections through infection control measures and vigilant monitoring.
  5. Monitor the patient’s vital signs, urine output, and laboratory values to assess fluid balance and hydration status.
  6. Assess the patient’s nutritional intake and evaluate improvements in appetite and gastrointestinal symptoms.
  7. Evaluate the patient’s perineal area for any signs of skin breakdown or irritation.
  8. Assess the patient’s pain level and evaluate the effectiveness of pain management interventions.
  9. Monitor for signs of infection and intervene promptly to prevent complications.


Regularly document the patient’s vital signs, fluid balance, nutritional intake, skin assessments, interventions provided, and the patient’s response to treatment. Collaborate with the interdisciplinary healthcare team to review and update the care plan based on the patient’s condition and evolving needs.

Note: This nursing care plan is a general guideline and should be individualized based on the patient’s specific needs, the severity of gastroenteritis, and healthcare provider’s recommendations.


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