Nursing Care Plan for AIDS (Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome)

Nursing Care Plan for AIDS (Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome)


Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome (AIDS) is a condition caused by the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV). It weakens the immune system, making individuals more susceptible to infections and various complications. As a nurse, your role is crucial in providing comprehensive care and support for individuals living with AIDS. This nursing care plan aims to outline evidence-based interventions to enhance the well-being and quality of life of individuals with AIDS.

Patient Information:

  • Name: [Patient’s Name]
  • Age: [Patient’s Age]
  • Gender: [Patient’s Gender]
  • Medical History: [Brief summary of patient’s medical history]
  • HIV Diagnosis: [Date of HIV diagnosis]
  • Current CD4 Count: [Patient’s CD4 count]
  • Support System: [Identify individuals involved in patient’s care and support]
  • Date of Admission: [Date of Admission]
  • Date of Care Plan: [Date of Care Plan]

Nursing Assessment For AIDS:

Subjective Data:

  • The patient may report general malaise, fatigue, and recurrent infections.
  • Patients may express concerns about managing the disease and maintaining quality of life.

Objective Data:

  • Decreased CD4+ T-cell count.
  • Opportunistic infections, such as pneumonia, tuberculosis, or candidiasis.
  • Weight loss and malnutrition.
  • Presence of AIDS-related cancers, such as Kaposi’s sarcoma or lymphoma.

Nursing Diagnosis For AIDS:

  1. Impaired Immune Response related to decreased CD4 count and compromised immune system.
  2. Risk for Infection related to immunosuppression and compromised immune system.
  3. Ineffective Coping related to the emotional and psychological impact of living with AIDS.
  4. Deficient Knowledge regarding disease management, treatment, and prevention of complications.
  5. Impaired Immune Response related to human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection and decreased CD4+ T-cell count as evidenced by recurrent infections and opportunistic diseases.
  6. Risk for Infection related to immunosuppression and compromised immune function as evidenced by a decreased CD4+ T-cell count and history of opportunistic infections.
  7. Imbalanced Nutrition: Less than Body Requirements related to malabsorption, increased metabolic demands, and decreased appetite as evidenced by weight loss and malnutrition.
  8. Ineffective Coping is related to the psychological and emotional impact of living with a chronic and stigmatized condition as evidenced by the patient’s expression of worry, anxiety, or depression.

Nursing Interventions For AIDS:

Impaired Immune Response:

  1. Monitor the patient’s CD4 count regularly to assess the immune status and response to treatment.
  2. Administer antiretroviral therapy (ART) as prescribed to suppress viral replication and improve immune function.
  3. Educate the patient about the importance of adherence to ART, maintaining a healthy lifestyle, and avoiding exposure to opportunistic infections.
  4. Collaborate with the healthcare team to ensure the patient receives appropriate vaccinations, such as pneumococcal and influenza vaccines, to prevent infections.

Risk for Infection:

  1. Implement strict infection control measures, including hand hygiene, proper disposal of waste, and maintaining a clean environment.
  2. Educate the patient and their caregivers about infection prevention strategies, such as regular handwashing and safe food handling practices.
  3. Assess for signs and symptoms of opportunistic infections, such as pneumonia or thrush, and promptly report any concerns to the healthcare team.
  4. Collaborate with the infectious disease specialist to establish a prophylactic antibiotic regimen, if indicated, to prevent specific opportunistic infections.

Ineffective Coping:

  1. Provide emotional support and create a non-judgmental environment to foster open communication about the patient’s fears, concerns, and emotional well-being.
  2. Refer the patient to support groups, counseling services, or HIV/AIDS organizations to facilitate peer support and access to mental health resources.
  3. Encourage the patient to engage in stress-reduction techniques, such as relaxation exercises or mindfulness practices.
  4. Collaborate with the healthcare team to address any mental health issues, such as depression or anxiety, through appropriate interventions or referrals.

Deficient Knowledge:

  1. Assess the patient’s current understanding of HIV/AIDS, treatment options, and self-management strategies.
  2. Provide education about the disease progression, the importance of adherence to ART, and the potential side effects of medications.
  3. Teach the patient about safer sex practices and the prevention of HIV transmission to reduce the risk of reinfection or transmission to others.
  4. Collaborate with the healthcare team to develop individualized education materials and resources for the patient and their caregivers.

Imbalanced Nutrition: Less than Body Requirements:

  • Monitor the patient’s nutritional status, including weight and body mass index (BMI).
  • Collaborate with a dietitian to develop an individualized nutrition plan that addresses the patient’s specific needs.
  • Encourage small, frequent meals and snacks that are nutrient-dense and easy to digest.
  • Provide oral nutritional supplements as prescribed to meet increased metabolic demands.
  • Educate the patient on the importance of maintaining proper nutrition and hydration.

Nursing Evaluation For AIDS:

  1. Improved immune response with increased CD4 count and decreased viral load.
  2. Reduced incidence of opportunistic infections and improved infection control practices.
  3. Enhanced coping mechanisms and improved emotional well-being.
  4. Increased knowledge and understanding of HIV/AIDS management, prevention, and self-care.
  5. The patient’s immune response shows improvement with increased CD4+ T-cell count and decreased frequency of infections.
  6. The patient remains free from opportunistic infections and shows a reduced risk of complications.
  7. The patient achieves and maintains adequate nutritional status with appropriate interventions.
  8. The patient demonstrates improved coping strategies and a sense of empowerment in managing the condition.


Regularly document the patient’s progress, interventions provided, and the outcomes achieved. Review and update the care plan as needed based on the patient’s evolving needs, laboratory results, and treatment response.


This nursing care plan is a general guideline and should be individualized according to the patient’s specific needs, comorbidities, and treatment regimen. Collaboration with the interdisciplinary healthcare team, including infectious disease specialists, social workers, and mental health professionals, is essential to provide comprehensive care for individuals with AIDS.


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