Author: Arslan Sarwar

Stages of Shock

Stages of shock are charachterized as follows: An initial non-progressive stage A progressive stage An irreversible stage Stages of Shock Non Progressive Stage It involved the following compensatory mechanisms. Baroreceptor reflexes – Which results in sympathetic stimulation of the circulation Central nervous system ischemic response – Not activated significantly until the arterial pressure falls below 50…
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Cranial Nerve Mnemonic

The best and super easy mnemonic to remember cranial nerves ( Best Cranial Nerve Mnemonic) is “On occasion, our trusty truck acts funny, very good vehicle anyhow”. On: Olfactory. Occasion: Optic. Our: Oculomotor. Tasty: Trochlear. Truck: Trigeminal. Acts: Abducens. Funny: Facial. Very: Vestibulocochlear. Good: Glossopharyngeal. Vehicle: Vagus. Any: Accessory. how: Hypoglossal. Master Medical Sciences With World’s Best Medical Lectures. Join Us Today and Start Boosting Your…
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Cardiac Cycle

Cardiac cycle often refers to the alternating contraction and relaxation of the myocardium in the walls of the heart chambers coordinated by the conducting system during one heartbeat. The frequency of the cardiac cycle is described by the heart rate. The cycle is divided into two major phases therefore Systole Diastole Systole: The period of ventricular…
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Ciclo de Krebs

El ciclo de Krebs también se conoce como el ciclo del ácido cítrico, fue nombrado después de que Hans Adolf Krebs lo descubriera en 1937. También es conocido por otros nombres como el ciclo del ácido cítrico, el ciclo del ácido tricarboxílico o el ciclo de TCA. El ciclo de Krebs o ciclo de ácido…
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Krebs Cycle | Citric Acid Cycle

Krebs cycle is also known as the citric acid cycle was named after the Hans Adolf Krebs who discovered it in 1937. It is also known by several other names such as citric acid cycle, Tricarboxylic Acid Cycle or TCA cycle. Krebs cycle or citric acid cycle or TCA cycle is a series of biochemical…
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Pneumonia

Pneumonia is an inflammatory condition of the lung affecting primarily the small air sacs known as alveoli. Typically symptoms include some combination of a productive or a dry cough, chest pain, fever, and trouble breathing. Cause of Pneumonia: Bacteria Viruses Less commonly by fungi and parasites Bacteria: These includes: Streptococcus pneumoniae In nearly 50% of cases Haemophilus influenzae…
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Streptococcus Pyogenes

Streptococcus pyogenes is a species of Gram-positive bacteria. These bacteria are aerotolerant and are made up of non-motile and non-sporing cocci. Therefore they are clinically important in human illness. Epidemiology: Throat Genital mucosa Rectum Skin 1% to 5% of healthy individuals have the throat, vaginal, or rectal carriage because it is the site of their…
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Strep Throat

Strep throat is an infection of the back of the throat including the tonsils caused by group A streptococcus. Signs and symptoms: Symptoms typically begin one to three days after exposure and last seven to ten days. A sore throat Fever Tonsillar exudates Large cervical lymph nodes Headache Nausea and vomiting Abdominal pain Muscle pain Scarlatiniform rash Palatal…
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Streptococcus

Watch World’s Best Lecture on Heart Failure – 7 DAYS FREE TRIAL Streptococcus: Streptococcus is a is a genus of coccus (spherical) Gram-positive bacteria and they grow in chains or pairs. Most are oxidase-negative and catalase-negative, and many are facultative anaerobes. CLASSIFICATION: Species of Streptococcus are classified based on their hemolytic properties. Alpha-hemolytic streptococci These cause oxidization of iron…
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Diabetes Mellitus

Diabetes mellitus (DM), commonly referred to as diabetes, is a group of metabolic disorders in which there are high blood sugar levels over a prolonged period and is characterized as an elevated level of blood sugars. Types: Type 1 DM Type 2 DM WATCH WORLD’S BEST VIDEO LECTURE ON THIS TOPIC (SIGNUP REQUIRED) Type 1 diabetes mellitus: Type 1 DM is insulin…
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